Wednesday, 7 October 2009

MDK3 - network traffic disruption

Following up on the previous post with mdk3, there are a few other options with mdk3, however it has to be said that the use of these options can wreak havoc on wireless networks and should be used with caution !
And of course as with all the tools in the posts, only on the networks you are authorized to run the tools on.

I am still unsure as to what MDK3 stands for, however I remember playing a game ages ago called MDK and the abbreviation, although never confirmed, was taken to mean Murder Death Kill..
In that case it is fair to say that it sums up what mdk3 can do to wireless networks quite well..

My test network;
AP with bssid 00:13:D4:09:32:60 on Channel 1 with essid default
Wep Shared Key encryption
1 client 00:24:D2:A1:40:8E connected

 The below based on having installed mdk3 as per previous post.

For a full list of mdk3 options;
mdk3 --fullhelp

Beacon Flood mode

This mode sends out beacons showing fake APs and reportedly can cause network scanners and drivers to crash.

I did a quick test with this, scanning with inSSIDer, and it certainly does flood the environment with fake APs.
It didn't crash the programme, however I only let it run for a short period of time to get an idea of what happens, what prolonged usage would cause not confirmed.

The below sets the SSID to be transmitted as DEFAULT with WEP encryption as 54Mbit  using valid accesspoint MACs from OUI database, speed set at 50 pps (default speed)

mdk3 mon0 b -n DEFAULT -w -g -m -s 50

The scan with inSSIDer looked as follows ;

Not sure why the majority seemed to be on lower channels, however as mentioned, I did not want to run it for too long and possibly a longer run would see more networks showing up in the higher channel region.

Authentication DOS mode

The idea is that too many clients authenticating to the AP will freeze up or reset the AP.

Surprisingly, my crappy little 'ol Asus router seemed to be handling this rather well !
I tested it several times, it froze a couple of times for a few seconds, however then seemed to fight back and work even though the speed was severely affected..
What a trooper !

 mdk3 mon0 a -a 00:13:D4:09:32:60 -m

Deathentication / Disassociation Amok Mode

This is used to kick clients from an AP.

In this case I created a txt file with the AP MAC and used this as the blacklist.

echo 00:13:D4:09:32:60 > mdk3test.txt
mdk3 mon0 d -b mdk3test.txt -c 1 -s 250

This didn't actually kick my client off as an aireplay attack with sufficient packets would have done, but it effectively stopped all communication between the AP and the client.

There are a few other tools as well, including MAC address bruteforcing, and various other wireless disruption tools.

All in all a very interesting tool to check out, but obviously meant to be very unfriendly towards wireless networks..

Test with care..


  1. could this be done with WPA networks authentication DOS attack

  2. Basically mdk3 can be used to DOS any wireless network.

    It is kind of a blunt instrument though, I would suggest that you look into airdrop-ng which is able to do things in a little more refined way.

    Must admit that I love mdk3 as well though ;)

  3. Hey TAPE!

    I am getting the same results as you do in 4 different vendors' AP's.
    I am wondering if you've tried the m flag (Michael Exploitation), because this doesn't work for me either.

    P.S. You reckon airdrop-ng will succeed an authentication/association flood?

  4. Well with airdrop you basically allow or deny access to an access point in the vicinity.

    So not quite the same approach, but you can definately make an access point un-reachable.

  5. hi, i came across this link in a search and even though its old i have a question..i'm using backtrack 5 Gnome and was hoping to see mdk as part of it but i don't see it. I've checked pentest/wireless/ but it isn't there neither have i been able to find it anywhere else. am i missing something?

    1. Heya Slymm Shady,

      Not sure which version of BT5 you are using, if still on BT5R1, would suggest you update to BT5R3 which was recently released.

      MDK3 is definately included in BT5R3 ;
      > type mdk3 in console
      > navigate to ;
      Applications --> Backtrack --> Stress testing --> WLAN stress testing --> mdk3

      Cant recall if it was in stock BT5 release, but I think it was..

  6. i cant get the Deathentication command to work. help?


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